Graph II - Minimum Spanning Tree

Time Limit : 1 sec, Memory Limit : 65536 KB
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Minimum Spanning Tree

For a given weighted graph $G = (V, E)$, find the minimum spanning tree (MST) of $G$ and print total weight of edges belong to the MST.

Input

In the first line, an integer $n$ denoting the number of vertices in $G$ is given. In the following $n$ lines, a $n \times n$ adjacency matrix $A$ which represents $G$ is given. $a_{ij}$ denotes the weight of edge connecting vertex $i$ and vertex $j$. If there is no edge between $i$ and $j$, $a_{ij}$ is given by -1.

Output

Print the total weight of the minimum spanning tree of $G$.

Constraints

  • $1 \leq n \leq 100$
  • $0 \leq a_{ij} \leq 2,000$ (if $a_{ij} \neq -1$)
  • $a_{ij} = a_{ji}$
  • $G$ is a connected graph

Sample Input 1

5
 -1 2 3 1 -1
 2 -1 -1 4 -1
 3 -1 -1 1 1
 1 4 1 -1 3
 -1 -1 1 3 -1

Sample Output 1

5

Reference

Introduction to Algorithms, Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest, and Clifford Stein. The MIT Press.